Enhancing Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs)

4 Mins. Read


As part of its commitment to combat climate change and create a greener future, the UK government has introduced new legislation aimed at improving the energy efficiency of rental properties. These regulations focus on enhancing Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) to ensure that landlords play their part in reducing carbon emissions and providing tenants with energy-efficient homes. In this article we will delve into the key aspects of the UK government’s new legislation and its implications for landlords.

Importance of Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs)

Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) provide valuable information about a property’s energy efficiency. They assess various aspects, including insulation, heating systems, and renewable energy sources, and assign a rating on a scale from A to G. Higher ratings indicate better energy efficiency, lower carbon emissions, and lower energy costs.

Improved EPC ratings not only contribute to the UK’s environmental goals but also benefit homeowners, landlords and tenants. Homeowners have access to a larger property market; landlords can attract more tenants, enhance property value, and enjoy potential cost savings through energy-efficient upgrades. Tenants, on the other hand, can benefit from lower energy bills and increased comfort in their homes.

Key Aspects of the UK Government’s Legislation

Minimum Energy Efficiency Standards (MEES): The UK government has implemented Minimum Energy Efficiency Standards (MEES) for rented properties. From April 1, 2020, all properties rented out in England and Wales must have a minimum EPC rating of E or above. This means that landlords cannot rent out properties with an EPC rating of F or G, unless they qualify for an exemption.

Compliance Deadlines: Landlords are required to comply with the MEES regulations by meeting the minimum EPC rating for their properties. It is crucial to understand the compliance deadlines and take necessary actions within the specified timeframe to avoid penalties and potential restrictions on renting out properties.

Cost of Compliance: While improving energy efficiency might involve upfront costs, the UK government offers financial support and incentives to assist landlords in meeting the required standards. Depending on your circumstances, these include ECO, Boiler Upgrade Scheme, Green Deal, and emerging local schemes referred to as Net Zero Hubs. 

Exemptions and Exclusions: Certain exemptions apply to properties that are not covered by the MEES regulations. These include properties with restrictive lease clauses, listed buildings, and properties where energy efficiency improvements are not feasible.

How to meet your EPC obligations

Achieving compliance with these obligations not only ensures adherence to legal requirements but also benefits both landlords and tenants by reducing energy costs and environmental impact.

Conduct an EPC Assessment

The first step towards meeting the minimum EPC obligations is to obtain a thorough assessment of your property’s energy performance. Engage a certified energy assessor who will evaluate various factors such as insulation, heating systems, and renewable energy sources. This assessment will provide an accurate understanding of your property’s current EPC rating and help identify areas for improvement.

Identify Energy Efficiency Upgrades

Based on the EPC assessment, the report will identify the key areas where energy efficiency upgrades can be made. Some common upgrades include improving insulation, upgrading heating systems, installing energy-efficient lighting, and utilising renewable energy sources such as solar panels. Consider the recommendations provided in the EPC report and assess their feasibility and cost-effectiveness.

Plan Energy Efficiency Investments

Once you have identified the necessary upgrades, develop a comprehensive plan for implementing energy efficiency measures. Prioritise improvements based on their impact on the EPC rating and cost-effectiveness. Create a timeline for completing the upgrades, taking into account any financial support or incentives available from the UK government or local authorities.

Engage Qualified Contractors

When carrying out energy efficiency upgrades, ensure that you hire qualified contractors with experience in implementing such measures. Look for professionals who are accredited and certified in relevant areas, such as insulation installation or heating system upgrades. Request quotes from multiple contractors, compare their expertise and prices, and choose the one that best suits your requirements.

Monitor and Maintain Energy Efficiency

Once the upgrades are completed, it is essential to monitor and maintain the energy efficiency of your property. Regularly assess the performance of heating systems, insulation, and other energy-saving measures. Conduct periodic energy audits to identify any potential areas for improvement and take corrective actions promptly.

Stay Updated with Changing Regulations

Keep yourself informed about any changes or updates to the UK government’s minimum EPC obligations. The legislation regarding energy efficiency standards may evolve over time. Stay connected with relevant industry news, attend seminars or workshops, and engage with industry associations to ensure you remain compliant with the latest requirements.


Enhancing the EPC rating of your building to comply with regulations is not always as straightforward and simple as we would like. The current condition of your property may have a material impact on costs and desired outcomes. If you would like some help getting started click on this link and select Create My Plan. Our Home Retrofit App will help you understand the impact of different retrofit measures on your EPC rating.

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